What is Research Data?

Research data varies widely across faculties and disciplines, but put most simply, research data is simply any information or data that has been collected, observed, generated or created for the sake of research. This includes data that is derived from observation, experiment, interviews, testing hypotheses, surveys etc. Importantly, research data can be qualitative or quantitative, and although many people automatically associate the term with the sciences, research data are collected and used in scholarship across all academic disciplines. Today, the term usually refers to digital information, but it can also include non-digital formats (notebooks, diaries, sketches).