Open Science

Open science, broadly, is about maximising the dissemination of knowledge, and enabling collaboration by researchers and the public1. “Open Science is frequently defined as an umbrella term that involves various movements aiming to remove the barriers for sharing any kind of output, resources, methods or tools, at any stage of the research process”2. It emphasises cooperation, and disseminating knowledge through the use of digital technologies and collaborative tools3.  

In response to a problematic digital ecosystem where extracting the maximum benefit from scholarly data publication was prevented, requisite data management and stewardship plans are now becoming the norm in publicly funded research4.

CoData is the Committee on Data of the International Science Council (ISC), and it exists to promote global collaboration in order to advance Open Science and to improve the availability and usability of data for all areas of research5

The African Open Science Platform (AOSP) aims to address Africa-specific challenges in the world of Open Science. A goal of the AOSP is to develop capacity within Africa, to avoid dependency.

The European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) and OpenAire are examples of European projects that support Open Science. 

1 Open Access and Open Science https://www.springernature.com/gp/librarians/news-events/all-news-articles/industry-news-initiatives/open-access-and-open-science/15844662
2 Foster Open Science https://www.fosteropenscience.eu/node/1420
3 European Commission – Open Science – https://www.researchgate.net/publication/337863024_Open_Science_Open_Data_and_Open_Scholarship_European_Policies_to_Make_Science_Fit_for_the_Twenty-First_Century
4 Wilkinson, M. D., Dumontier, M., Aalbersberg, I. J., Appleton, G., Axton, M., Baak, A., … & Bouwman, J. (2016). The FAIR Guiding Principles for scientific data management and stewardship. Scientific Data, 3, 160018.
5 CoData https://codata.org/about-codata/our-mission/